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Merging the Split: Converting Spaces into Places

Categories: Events, Workshops, News | Author: Maja | Posted: 6/20/2019 | Views: 2450
April 25-26 - Split, Croatia

On 25-26 April 2019 the City of Split hosted the first international conference on integrated urban development and placemaking organized by the Association of Cities in the Republic of Croatia. The event was an opportunity to connect interested stakeholders and urban practitioners from Europe and beyond during two dynamic days of panel discussions and workshops. The article presents some of the highlights and conclusions from the conference.

The motivation for organizing the conference was to build upon the existing results of Croatian cities in the field of urban development and participatory approach to urban planning, acquired through the URBACT program and through the implementation of the ITI mechanism in Croatia. Specific goals included: familiarizing interested participants with available sustainable urban development practices and methodologies for designing and creating public places; transfering the knowledge and sharing experiences among city professionals and experts; discussing current issues regarding public space and engagement of the public in creating them. The conference was located in the venue of Multimedia culture centre in Split, an old socialist-era building, which gave an interesting and inspiring ambient to discuss and share knowledge.

Collaborators and partners of the conference included program URBACT III, World Bank – Urban Partnership program, Interreg projects CESBA MED and STEP-UP, Institute for spatial politics (IPOP), Energy institute Hrvoje Požar, association Teserakt, company Competent and three partner cities – Split, Šibenik and Zadar. The partners were a crucial element in giving the necessary expertise and financial support. The conference was organized under auspices of Ministry of regional development and EU funds and Ministry of construction and physical planning, and manage to assemby some 170 participants and speakers from 14 countries (Albania, Australia, Austria, Denmark, Ireland, Italy, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Slovenia, Spain, Serbia and Croatia).

The overall topics of the conference can be summarized in 5 theme groups: Sustainable and Integrated Urban Development; Public Participation in the Creation of Public Space; Urban Mobility; Public Spaces for Children & Youth; and Participatory Budgeting.

Roland Krebs ( Superwien, Austria) opened the conference with a key lecture on Human dimension in urban development presenting the findings and lessons from several urban development projects from all over the globe. He presented the recent change from urban planning to urban laboratory practices which focus on process-oriented and flexible planning mechanism that is used forrealizing new challenges, changes and unforeseen events in real time. In contrast to the traditional urban planning, the urban lab approach promotes immediate action and continuous quality control along with new regulations for ground-floor zones and activation of local identities! Another important aspect is the timely inclusion of relevant stakeholders (private sector and citizens) in the planning process, shown on the example of Oberes Hausfeld neigbourhood in Vienna. A phased process has been used there following several simple steps: a) launching an open call for participants; b) establishing network of initial participating stakeholders; c) developing usage strategy for new buildings and spaces; d) design and construction; e) pioneering activities. A similar methodology has been used in the several cities in South America and Balkans (eg. Ksamil, Albania –  video) producing local strategic plans for urban development with the list of concrete interventions.
Wessel Badenhorst ( Urban Mode, Ireland) hosted the second key speakers’ session in the afternoon of the first day, focusing on the placemaking as a practical approach to create momentum in urban development. With the help of Alisa Aliti Vlašić, Maddalena Pornaro and Jere Kuzmanić three examples were presented during the session, each emerging from different local contexts of a tourist cities. Small interventions like ad-hoc street cinema (Split) or mobile shelter for homeless persons (Lisabon) can initiate interesting collaboration among permanent and temporary inhabitants that can lead to larger and meaningful development projects.

Sustainable and Integrated Urban Development topic group featured four panels and workshops (1A, 1B, 2A, 2B, 4D) that addressed various urban issues and urban practices: available development mechanisms (Integrated territorial investments, Local development strategies, URBACT integrated action plans), different approaches to public spaces, methodologies for sustainable planning (CESBA MED, Urban Lab) and examples of good practices (Almada, Valencia, Trieste, Dubrovnik, Ksamil, Split). Some lessons could be extracted from presented cases and shared experience. A stronger cooperation among relevant stakeholders (citizens included) and different levels of (self)government is much needed. Sustainable and integrated urban development is a long term process requiring appropriate methodology, mutual trust and continuous effort to achieve it. An open attitude to social innovation is required since it enables an easier and effective implementation of citizens participation in planning process. Besides that, a strong recommendation for cities willing to implement territorial and integrated urban strategies is to start early with the preparations, especially concerning the creation of project ideas and participation of stakeholders. In addition, cities implementing ITI mechanism should secure technical assistance funds for supporting and educating the responsible city staff!

Public Participation in the Creation of Public Space topic group included three panels and workshops (1D, 2D, 4A) focusing on different methods and projects that facilitate or promote more active citizens’ participation while taking into account different cultural backgrounds and context of each city and community. Existing models and methods of planning used by cities are usually outdated and do not follow current challenges, so another more innovative approach is needed. The general experience showed that people tend to be interested for participation in planning processes but are easily discouraged if projects enter certain bureaucratic barriers and/or delays. To counter that risk simple low-cost and low-risk interventions are proposed, whose purpose is to stimulate thinking and alternative interpretation of the space. Such small projects have a positive impact on the community and its public spaces (examples of Microgranting and Urban Pockets projects in Novi Sad, City Acupuncture in Zagreb, Urban revitalization project in Amarante, and mini projects in Kranj). When reaching out to citizens and other stakeholders all means are recommended and eligible: web sites (of municipality, local communities, local agencies, partner NGOs…), social media, street posters, radio talks and jingles, local newspapers, direct communication, small public events, gatherings, workshops and meetings!

Urban Mobility group featured two workshops (1C i 4C) tackling different aspects of mobility in cities: the impact of technology and smart solutions on cities resulting in new ways that citizens move through or between cities (examples of Vienna, Zadar, Šibenik), and how changing mobility culture contributes to placemaking in small and medium sized towns and cities (examples from Slovenia, Poland and Croatia). The latter panel presented good practices that utilize walkability solutions (Ljubljana), evidence-based parking policies (Idrija) and the way local initiatives can launch investment campaigns for bicycle infrastructure using participatory approach and budgeting (Pruszcz Gdanski). The following debates highlighted the fact that similar problems exist in different countries, meaning same solutions can be borrowed and modified to fit in local context. That being said, participants concluded that small local initiatives go a long way and that high budget is not needed to start changing mobility since low-cost soft measures can have a big impact on space quality and traffic safety (eg. less cars around school). When considering urban mobility planning, a broader, regional perspective should be taken into account.

The panel/workshop Public Spaces for Children & Youth (2C) raised questions on main problems and challenges for children and youth regarding public spaces where they can play, move, learn. It is unclear if the cities understand enough children’s and youth’s needs and wishes and if they are sufficiently involved in co-creation of spaces for play and public space in general. As a solution to raised questions, panelists proposed a method and process named „Learning by Doing“ which is divided in 4 major steps (Field Research, Analysis/Consultation, Co-Design, Co-Construction and Craftsmanship). During the group work several conclusions emerged. The imperative for a public space to be pleasurable for multi-usage is to have free space that should be zoned but with clear connections for social interaction (that are soft and rich with greenery; made of natural materials and in different level heights). When discussing option in which play spaces contribute to the identity of the community, urban designers and placemakers should aspire to make subtle borders of spaces for play with no fences (buildings as physical separator from the traffic); spaces with a story to tell (interconnecting spaces with folk tales, fairy tales…); and preserve the already good public spaces and support it with missing elements.

The interactive workshop on Participatory Budgeting (4B) provided conference participants with an opportunity to get familiar with the methodology for inclusion of citizens in municipal budgetary process. When talking about participatory approach to sustainable urban development the practice of PB shows several benefits for cities that are implementing it: greater sense of citizens’ ownership of development projects and spatial interventions, education on local budgetary process, better identification of citizens’ priorities for their communities, and development of solid mutual trust between citizens and local administration!

The second day of conference started with four on-site workshops organized in three cities (Split, Šibenik and Zadar) – each taking a different approach to their local specifics – from urban planning and placemaking for public spaces to walkability and sustainable tourism.

The workshop ”City transformation – from industrial past to tourist future” that was held in Šibenik highlighted the problem of seasonality reflected in significant oscillation in the number of inhabitants in the old town during summer and winter season. Despite successful examples of urban transformation and spatial regeneration (eg. beach Banja), the town center is missing a stable level of present crafts and services throughout the year. Moderators and workshop participants concluded that during revitalization of urban areas, cities should always take care of the residents living in that part of town and their needs, so that urban spaces can have a lasting and sustainable function.

The workshop ”Public Space Observations and Ideas: Riva” held in Zadar put the focus on placemaking ideas for the open areas of the old town near waterfront. The participants inputs included existing features they liked (cleanness & greenery) but also suggestions for improvement of public space to make it a more welcoming and staying place for citizens & travelers (more communal equipment for sitting, exercising and playing, additional signes for directions, removal of barriers for mobility and accessibility etc.).

The workshop ”Northern Perimeter – Response(-)Ability” put focus on northern part of Split, the neighbourhood Kopilica, former industrial area, now a classic example of brownfield, that is selected for urban development. Geographically, Kopilica is a contact zone for boundaries of neighbouring cities (Kaštela, Solin and Split) that make a topographic, social and economic entity. Due to that, the are should not be planned only as a spatial resource of Split, but as a metropolitan asset that can functionally connect these urban areas in the near future. The second part of the workshop explored the option for the development of usable model for planning, the participants discussed the role of responsibility in spatial planning. Through a simple exercise that included or excluded communication channels in the creation of the model for Kopilica, some unexpected results showed up. The discussion offered a thesis that insight into the whole process and the obligation to communicate the vision at a higher level results with lower sensitivity for a lesser scale. Collective creation of great visions produces a vague vacuum in the creation of small special oases or ‘places’ between large parks, infrastructures etc. This is important to have in mind in the context of placemaking theory and practice. The conclusion of the workshops is that great visions should be designed only if they generate enough opportunities to create small, personal, and common visions.

The workshop ”Walkable Heritage: Public Spaces of Split 3” presented most iconic places of Split 3 neighbourhood during the first part. After that an interactive part of the workshop started during which participants got the chance to explore the emotional, rational and creative aspects of the current situation regarding urban mobility in the area and the lack of recreational and green spaces. Participants have added a fresh view on  the topic and some new ideas, mostly bottom-up approaches, but also some which could be classified as strategic and top-down. Most agreed that the area is a possible new or alternative city center, well planned but lacking some elements to its full realization. The proposed interventions included squatting of the unfinished path, possibly with some art interventions and/or gardening and “temporary use” as framework (choosing the goal which is most feasible and starting the activities). Participants agreed that for some bigger interventions, neighborhoods and microlocal NGOs should apply to EU funds in collaboration with the city administration, and to start experimenting with participatory budgeting and crowdfunding.

 

Several comments from participants and speakers nicely show the overall success of the event:

„Merging the Split was the right Place to present CESBA MED integrative sustainable planning framework. The feedback received by scrutinizing this very complex topic to plane & simple reasoning will help us in shaping a message not only in developing a tool.“ (Margareta)

„For me, it was a privilege to participate in the conference, specifically because it was so intimate and ‘close up’. Participants were able to engage with each other personally, in small groups, in the plenaries and in all kinds of spaces in a very interesting building. The result was that by the end of the conference there was a spirit of togetherness and a sense of belonging“. (Wessel)

„Especially thanks to the fact that you decide to organize the conference in Split and that you have reinforced the tenants’ association from the old city centre that will hopefully learn how to set up through the cooperation with Šibenik.“ (Diana)

„It was inspirational, there was really a lot of information on all panels… the atmosphere, the people, the accessibility of all participants reminded me of transnational meetings in EU projects, there is much to learn, from the right people, to the right place. All the topics were interesting and it is a real shame that we could not “split” and participate in every panel and workshop.“ (Goranka)

 

What will be the following activities after the conference?

The topic of integrated urban development will surely continue to be a part of activities done by the Croatian Association of Cities and National URBACT Point for Croatia. This will be an important issue to highlight during the preparatory tasks for the next programming period 2021-2027, announced enlargement of the number of ITI cities in Croatia and general requirements for sustainable urban development. In regard to the placemaking in Croatia, the conference had supported the existing initiatives and allowed a new ideas to be initiated whose results will be visible in the upcoming months and years. The established links and cooperation among present organisations and individuals will be encouraged in the future while the organisation of the next conference will be considered for 2021.

Source:  http://mergingthesplit.events/


PHOTO GALLERY
More Photos



DOCUMENTS

Panel 1A: Integrated Urban Development - Lessons learnt and post - 2020 Perspectives
Integrated Urban Development - Ines Androić Brajčić
Integrated Territorial Investments Lessons Learnt and Post 2020 Perspectives - Darija Magaš
Integrated Urban Development: Lessons Learnt and Post 2020 Perspectives - Emmanuel Moulin
Primjena ITU mehanizma u Urbanoj aglomeraciji Rijeka - Srđan Škunca
Integrated Urban Development - Radojka Tomašević

Panel 1D: Public Participation In New Settings
Revitalization of city area by using the URBACT method - Emilija Vlahek
Renewal and Regeneration of the Planina Residential Neighbourhood in Kranj - Uroš Kavdik
From Coworking to Revitalization of Old Town Core - Nina Trušnovec

Panel 2A: Re-Activations - From Old Spaces To New Places, Cultures, Communities And Governance
PonzianaLAB - Rita Carraro
Gučetić Summer Villa  - Jelena Brbora

Panel 2B: Integrative Sustainable Planning Of Urban Areas – Cesba Med Approach
Integrative Sustainable Planning Of Urban Areas–Cesba Med Approach - Margareta Zidar/Vesna Bukarica

Panel 2D: Citizens Participation In The Process Of Improving Public Space
Citizens Participation in the Process of Improving Public Space - Maja Čeko
Public Spaces Evaluation Tool - Barbara Celebucka
Citizens Participation in the Process of Improving Public Space - Sara Leite

Panel 4A: Innovative Methodologies For Urban Spatial Interventions – Creating Public Spaces That Communities Value
CityAcupuncture - Rene Lisac
Bottom up from top - Slobodan Jović
Decision Making Process - Goranka Grgić
Guidelines for planning public space - Maja Kireta
Innovative methodologies for spatial planning - Ferenc Szigeti-Böröcz

Panel 4B: What Would It Actually Mean To Implement A Participatory Budgeting In Your City?
What Would It Actually Mean To Implement A Participatory Budgeting In Your City? - Alisa Aliti Vlašić/Jelena Brbora

Panel 4C: Mobility For Liveable Towns And Cities
Creating Parking Policy - Urban Jeriha
Involving citizens into the town policy making process - Marta Jaskulska
Transport network of the wider area of the city - Zoran Botić
Walking the Talk - Marko Peterlin

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City-to-City

Skopje, April 10-12, 2019.

World Bank-Austria Urban Partnership Program (UPP) held its ninth City to City dialogue and technical workshops organized in collaboration with our regional partner NALAS (Network of Local Government Associations in South East Europe) and the City of Skopje, supported by the Swiss SDC and GIZ. The event took place in Skopje, North Macedonia and hosted over 130 participants from South-East Europe countries and beyond, with central and local government officials and technical practitioners from finance, urban and economic development departments, City Leaders, Local Government Associations, the Network of Associations of Local Authorities of South-East Europe, EC representatives and many other development partners and key stakeholders from the region and beyond.

The underlying theme of the Dialogue - Cities as Drivers of Economic Growth, focused on sustainable local economic development, including local finance, urban planning, accountability, and public participation in improving service delivery to citizens.  The event served as a chance to validate the progress of the WB-Austria Urban Partnership Program and the process of city's self-assessment with SEE participants. The Conference also showcased good practices in city management from Ljubljana, Slovenia and Tirana, Albania, and from other cities in SEE and wider Europe.
The first day of this event included technical sessions on municipal finance, urban planning and land development, urban audit, action planning and implementation, borrowing and creditworthiness and lessons learned from World Bank projects, while the second day conference explored the role of the cities and municipalities in the economic development agenda, enhancements to benefit the citizens of South-East Europe and cities’ learning from best practices.

During the Day 1 opening two sessions, several important topics and questions were raised: where do municipalities stand in terms of local governments finances, planning, land and investments programming and where do they need to go as well as what are the main local level advantages, challenges and opportunities. UPP local experts shared experiences from the test-piloting of MFSA 2.0 online version as well as experiences Urban Audit (UA) implementation. Local experts together with several municipal representatives from Kisela Voda, Bar, Gostivar and Gjirokastër shared their views and suggestions on operation and utilization of the online MFSA tool. Following the general presentation of the improved UA framework, the municipalities of Elbasan, Gostivar and Prilep presented their experiences with the UA tool. They stressed that citizens’ engagement in the decision making by focusing on transparency, accountability and participation in MFSA&UA is highly important.

Participants learned that UPP has high representation in SEE - working and having worked with more than 90 municipalities in the region, including 6 capital cities. That means UPP cities represent an impressive 9% of the regional territory and 22.5% of the regional population. The final conclusion was that to move forward, UPP will need to focus more on support to the CIP and implementation of the Action Plans, including dominant action on revenue collection and budget planning and execution, substantial for expenditure control, internal audits, and transparency improvement.

Throughout the day, participants could hear about ongoing studies and technical assistance programs related to municipal finances in the Western Balkans, as well as several panel discussions showcasing the results and experience of action plan implementation based on the MFSA results and the use of MFSA as a tool to facilitate creditworthiness and borrowing capacity for Local Authorities.

The city of Banja Luka, Bosnia and Hercegovina presented their alignment of MFSA action plan implementation with the strategic documents. The existing MFSA action plan had two goals: (i) financial status improvement and (ii) management. City of Rijeka, Croatia, explained how based on the MFSA results, they recognized the main challenges such as the city's weaknesses in planning due to large deviations from the budget plan's execution by more than 10% (the action plan reduced it to 3%). City of Subotica, Serbia explained that MFSA provided the opportunity to determine the financial position and to plan the finance management reform. The City adopted the Financial Management Plan 2016-2020 and set up the expected results for that period. The city administration defined 7 implementation measures: improvement in capital projects planning, budget planning, revenue collection, and improvement of commitments control and cash management control, increase in debt management capacity, improvement of PIFC and implementation and further development of the internal control and audit function.
Key recommendations from the discussion were to ensure the close co-operation with the central government regarding the introduction of property tax (Rijeka), better co-operation with the state in the preparation and planning of local budget guidelines (Subotica) and the need for greater degree of consistency in city management (Banja Luka).

The Day 1 last session of the workshop was dedicated to sharing experiences on creditworthiness and borrowing capacity. Marjan Nikolov, the UPP local expert explained the three main questions mayors should put about their borrowing capacity: Are we creditworthy? How much can we borrow? How much can we invest in the next 5 years? He argued that the order of these questions is an important indicator on how visionary and goal-oriented a Mayor is. Thus, the MFSA can serve as a helpful tool for the credit rating of LGU-s. Anto Bajo, the UPP local expert, shared that in Croatia no consensus exists on the best methodology and the set of indicators (input variables) to be used for credit risk assessment and that no local units bankruptcy instrument exists, which renders the standard credit risk assessment based on historical behavior of local governments, impossible. Following the discussion, Sasho Trajkov from Gazi Baba Municipality stressed the importance of LGU’s economic growth in the process. The situation in the Municipality of Gazi Baba shows that a well-designed and participatory Urban Audit helped the local economy grow, accordingly increasing the tax base and fiscal income. Marjan Junčaj, from City of Podgorica, shared the experience of the capital city of Montenegro in establishing a local level credit reliability model. He argued that borrowing capacities can be developed through different national and local level scenario analysis.
A final remark by Ms. Farvacque-Vitkovic, stated that along with developing capacities to borrow, LGU’s main focus should be ‘why borrow’. In the end, the discussion on creditworthiness is only relevant, if used as means to a higher end- that of making cities more livable and local economies more sustainable.

Participants could also attend the launch of Better Cities, Better World: A Handbook on Local Government Self-Assessments by Catherine Farvacque-Vitkovic and Mihaly Kopanyi, who are World Bank’s leading senior experts on urban development and municipal finance with extensive working experience in more than 30 countries. Ms. Farvacque-Vitkovic explained that this handbook focuses on key urban issues and helps city leaders and municipal staff to address issues through a solutions package. It provides inspirational ideas and clear-cut methodology for starting and guiding the process and for municipal staff capacity building.

 

 

The second day of the conference focused more on the political level discussions and panels, with opening speeches by ministers, mayors and EC representatives. The Mayor of Skopje and newly appointed NALAS President, Mr. Petre Shielgov, opened the conference, followed by speeches by Mr.Suhejl Fazliu, North Macedonia’s Local Government Minister, Mr. Zoran Sapuric, North Macedonia’s Minister tasked with Regulations for Improvement of the Investment Climate for Domestic Companies, Mr. Andrej Zernovski, Foreign Affairs Deputy Minister, Mr. Amer Kapetanovic, RCC Head of Political Department. Last, but not least, the audience could hear a video message from Mr. Johannes Hahn, the European Commissioner for European Neighborhood Policy and Enlargement Negotiations.

Panels presented ongoing regional studies including Western Balkans Urbanization and Territorial Review (WBUTR), financed by the UPP. The WBUTR is a comprehensive analysis of the urban sector in the Region, aiming to inform and support development of integrating urban strategies that increase the impact of sector specific initiatives and enhance the sustainability of urban development (i.e. by fostering regional cooperation, competitiveness, connectivity and economic development). It analyzes urban systems, the economic geography and probable EU accession related development. It also provides actionable recommendations for a faster and more inclusive growth through enhancing competitiveness of leading cities and ensuring national and local access to opportunities in the peripheral and lagging regions. The WBUTR will be published in the Summer 2019.
The highlight of the day was the inspirational story by the Honorable Erion Veliaj, Mayor of Tirana, who spoke of “Cities that should serve the people not the cars” while referring to his great efforts to make Tirana a greener city.

Furthermore, four workshops were organized within the Conference, on the following topics:

1. Smart Cities. Digitalization for LED – during this session, Ms. Jeton Puka from the municipality of Vlorë presented their smart cities experience and chosen strategies and directions 
2. Innovative Strategies and Tools for Planning and Creating Sustainable Cities - TOD and Placemaking => The main objective of the panel was oriented to planning and managing cities for a sustainable development.
3. Sustainable Urban Mobility Planning (SUMP) and Sustainable Energy and Climate Planning (SECAP) - drivers of development and sustainable growth
4. Citizen to Engage in Cities – session presented good practice examples which clearly demonstrated recurring citizen’s participation when they receive feedback and when citizen’s ideas are attended to

The closing remarks of the Conference City to City Dialogue: “Cities as Drivers of Economic Growth – Vision 2030”, were made by Mr.Petre Shilegov and H.E. Mr. Wojciech Jerzy Tyciński, the Ambassador of Poland in North Macedonia.

Cities and municipalities valued the opportunity to participate in another City to City Dialogue which proved to be a successful attempt to summon the Region on a table to discuss achievements, different topics of interest and pressing issues.

PHOTO GALLERY


Documents:


DAY 1

Action Planning Rijeka, Banja Luka and Subotica.pdf
Fiscal Capacity Of MGB - S. Trajkov.pdf
Introduction to MFSA Toolkit.pdf
LGSA Handbook.pdf
Local Government Finances, Planning, Land and Investments Programming in SEE - C. Farvacque - Vitkovic.pdf
MFSA and LSG Creditworthiness, Borrowing and Investment Capacity.pdf
Municipal Finance ofWestern Balkans in the context of decentralization.pdf
Municipal Services Improvement Project - Lessons Learned.pdf
Ocjena kreditne sposobnosti - Anto Bajo.pdf
Transparency, Accountability and Participation in MFSA and UA - Sandra Kdolsky.pdf
UPP results survey C2C Dialogues.pdf
Urban Audit framework - Challenges and Results in the Municipality of Elbasan - E. Kenuti.pdf


DAY 2

Parallel Sessions
Parallel sessions - CONCLUSIONS.pdf

Smart Cities - Digitalisation for LED
Rijeka - Smart City.pdf
Smart Cities - Jeton Puka.pdf
Skopje Smart City Strategy - Ognen Marina.pdf

Innovative Strategies and Tools for Planning and Creating Sustainable Cities - TOD and Placemaking
ToD for Sustainable Belgrade Planning 2019 - Skopje.pdf
Sustainable cities Ljubljana – Urban space and sustainable mobility change - Vladimir Babic.pdf
C2C - 100 Villages - Albania.pdf
Sustainable Cities - 100 Villages - Albania - Fiona Mali.pdf
Placemaking-Sarajevo - Zina Ruzdic.pdf

Sustainable Urban Mobility Planning (SUMP) and Sustainable Energy and Climate Planning (SECAP)
GIZ ORF-EE - Dubravka Bosnjak.pdf
Krusevac SUMP - Jelena Brkovic.pdf
Banja Luka - Jelena Pavlovic.pdf
SCTM presentation - Klara Danilovic.pdf
SECAP Prijedor - Boris Srdic.pdf

Citizen to Engage in Cities
C2C Dialogue Session 12 Parallel Session on CE April 11 - Intro.pdf
C2C Dialogue Session 12 Parallel Session on CE April 11 - Transparency in Croatia - Dario Runtic.pdf
C2C Dialogue Session 12 Parallel Session on CE April 11 - Migration and Local Dev - Alexei Gafeli.pdf
C2C Dialogue Session 12 Parallel Session on CE April 11 - Communtity Forums Model - Gorjan Slavkovski.pdf

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